Standard Model III (229C)
Neutrino Physics and Cosmology
Make up classes on Dec 7 (Mon), 8 (Tue) and 10 (Thu), 12:30 - 2:00 as
usual. Final due Dec 15 (Tue), 5 pm, to the evenlope in front of 425 Birge.
Homeworks, handouts (PDF format, requires Adobe Acrobat Reader 3.01
Relevant Papers (Cosmology)
Useful Books, Articles (Cosmology)
Brian Chaboyer et al, "THE AGE OF GLOBULAR CLUSTERS IN LIGHT OF
HIPPARCOS: RESOLVING THE AGE PROBLEM?" astro-ph/9706128
Wendy L. Freedman, Jeremy R. Mould, Robert C. Kennicutt, Barry F. Madore,
"The Hubble Space Telescope Key Project to Measure the Hubble Constant,"
Supernova Cosmology Project (S. Perlmutter et al.), "Discovery of a supernova
explosion at half the age of the universe and its cosmological implications,"
See also their site. A new paper,
"Measurements of Omega and Lambda from 42 High-Redshift Supernovae,"astro-ph/9812133.
Scott Burles and David Tytler, "Measurements of the deuterium abundance
in quasar absorption systems", astro-ph/9803071
G. Steigman, "Big Bang Nucleosynthesis: Current Status", astro-ph/9803055
D.S. Salopek, "CONSEQUENCES OF THE COBE SATELLITE FOR THE INFLATIONARY
69, 3602-3605 (1992).
G. Raffelt, "Dark Matter: Motivation, Candidates and Searches," hep-ph/9712538
Carlberg, Yee, Ellingson, Abraham, Gravel, Morris, Pritchet, "Galaxy Cluster
Virial Masses and Omega," Astrophysical Journal 462, 32 (1996).
See also their Web
D.A. White and A.C. Fabian, "Einstein Observatory evidence for the widespread
baryon overdensity in clusters of galaxies," astro-ph/9502092,
Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 273, 73 (1995).
Will Sutherland, "Gravitational Microlensing - A Report on the MACHO Project,"
Kailash C. Sahu and M.S. Sahu, "Spectroscopy of MACHO 97-SMC-1: self-lensing
within the SMC," astro-ph/9810053
EROS Collaboration, "Microlensing towards the Small Magellanic Cloud ---
EROS 2 two-year analysis," astro-ph/9812173.
D.O. Caldwell, "EXPERIMENTAL LIMITS ON WIMP AND SIMP DARK MATTER," J.
Phys. G17 Suppl. S325-S334 (1991).
L. Baudis et al, "New limits on dark--matter WIMPs from the Heidelberg--Moscow
R. Bernabei et al, "Searching for WIMPs by the annual modulation
signature," Phys. Lett. B424, 195 (1998).
M. Kamionkowski, "Possible Relics from New Physics in the Early Universe:
Inflation, the Cosmic Microwave Background, and Particle Dark Matter,"
Eric Gawiser and Joseph Silk, "EXTRACTING PRIMORDIAL DENSITY FLUCTUATIONS,"
Science 280 1405 (1998), astro-ph/9806197.
Relevant Papers (Neutrino)
"Principles of Physical Cosmology," J. Peebels, Princeton, 1993.
"Galactic Dynamics," Binney and Tremaine, Princeton
"The Early Universe," Edward W. Kolb and Michael S. Turner, Addison-Wesley,
"The First Three Minutes -- A Modern View of the Origin of the Universe
--," Steven Weinberg, Basic Books, Inc., New York, 1977.
"Is Cosmology Solved?", P. J. E. Peebles, astro-ph/9810497.
"Cosmology Solved? Quite Possibly!," Michael S. Turner, astro-ph/9811364.
"Cosmology Solved? Maybe," Michael S. Turner, astro-ph/9811366.
Useful Books, Articles (Neutrino)
The CHOOZ collaboration, "Initial Results from the CHOOZ Long Baseline
Reactor Neutrino Oscillation Experiment," Phys.Lett. B420
(1998) 397-404, hep-ex/9711002
The Super-Kamiokande Collaboration, "Measurement of a Small Atmospheric
Muon-neutrino / Electron-neutrino Ratio," Phys.Lett. B433
(1998) 9-18, hep-ex/9803006
The Super-Kamiokande Collaboration, "Study of the Atmospheric Neutrino
Flux in the Multi-GeV Energy Rrange.," hep-ex/9805006
The Super-Kamiokande Collaboration, "Evidence for Oscillation of Atmospheric
81 (1998) 1562-1567, hep-ex/9807003
Neutrino 98 Conference (transparencies)
Lawrence J. Hall, Hitoshi Murayama, "Study of Inclusive Multi-Ring Events
from Atmospheric Neutrinos," hep-ph/9806218
LSND Collaboration, "Candidate Events in a Search for Anti-muon-neutrino
-> Anti-Electron-Neutrino Oscillations," Phys.Rev.Lett.
75, 2650-2653 (1995), nucl-ex/9504002;
"Evidence for Anti-muon-neutrino -> Anti-electron-neutrino Oscillations
from the LSND Experiment at LAMPF," Phys.Rev.Lett.
77, 3082-3085 (1996), nucl-ex/9605003;
"Evidence for nu(mu) ---> nu(e) Neutrino Oscillations from LSND," Phys.Rev.Lett.
81, 1774-1777 (1998), nucl-ex/9709006.
Alternative point of view on LSND experiment, James E. Hill, "Results from
the LSND Neutrino Oscillation Search for Anti-muon-neutrino -> Anti-electron-neutrino,"
75, 2654-2657 (1995), hep-ex/9504009
A short and nice review on solar neutrinos, "Solar neutrinos: where we
are and what is next?" by G. Fiorentini and B. Ricci, astro-ph/9801185.
Final result from Homestake experiment, "Measurement of the Solar Electron
Neutrino Flux with the Homestake Chlorine Detector," by B.T. Cleveland,
T. Daily, R. Davis, J.R. Distel, K. Lande, C.K. Lee, P.S. Wildenhain, J.
Ullman. Astrophys.J. 496, 505 (1998).
The Super-Kamiokande Collaboration, "Measurements of the Solar Neutrino
Flux from Superkamiokande's First 300 Days," Phys.Rev.Lett.
81, 1158 (1998), hep-ex/9805021;
"Measurement of the solar neutrino energy spectrum using neutrino-electron
"Constraints on neutrino oscillation parameters from the measurement of
day-night solar neutrino fluxes at Super-Kamiokande," hep-ex/9812009.
GALLEX Collaboration, "GALLEX Solar Neutrino Observations: Results for
GALLEX III," Phys.Lett. B388, 384 (1996). (GALLEX IV and
SAGE are not written up yet; try Neutrino 98 conference link above.)
Eli Waxman and John Bahcall, "High-Energy Neutrinos from Cosmological Gamma
Ray Burst Fireballs.", Phys.
Rev. Lett. 78, 2292-2295 (1997), astro-ph/9701231.
"The Cosmic Onion", Frank Close, Heinemann Educational Books Ltd, London
"Concepts of Particle Physics I", Kurt Gottfried and Victor F. Weisskopf,
Clarendon Press, Oxford (1984).
"Neutrino Phyiscs", Klaus Winter, Cambridge University Press, New York
"Unified Field Theories",
H.M., Encyclopedia of Applied Physics, 23, 1 (1998)
"Neutrino Astrophysics," John N. Bahcall, Cambridge University Press (1989).
"Gamma-Ray Bursts and
the Fireball Model," Tsvi Piran.
Topics covered in the course
Neutrino physics has become one of the most exciting areas in particle
physics and related fields, especially after the SuperKamiokande evidence
for neutrino oscillation the last June. If this is true, the Standard Model
is clearly incomplete. The basics in neutrinos physics and the current
status in neutrino oscillation are reviewed in the first half. Cosmology
has also entered a new era with quantitative observations. Despite its
importance, it has not been taught in physics or astronomy department for
many years. The lectures introduce cosmology without assuming prior knowledge
on general relativity in the second half.
Time: Tu Th 12:30-2:00
Location: 385 LeConte
Instructor: Hitoshi Murayama
Phone: 2-1019, 486-5589 (LBNL)
Office: 425 Birge, 50-5056E (LBNL)
Office Hour: Wed, 10-11 in 425 Birge
Physics 229C usually assumes the knowledge in quantum field theory
and standard model (taught in 229AB). But the topics this semester can
be studied and understood without 229AB. Even if you have not taken 229AB,
you are welcome to take the course. Absolute prerequisites are basic graduate-level
Physics 229C can be taken multiple times. For those of you who
prefer lighter workload (just an essay at the end of the course) are requested
to enroll in Physics 295.
History of neutrinos
Brief summary of the Standard Model
Weyl, Dirac, Majorana neutrinos
Neutrinos in grand unified theories
Neutrinos from reactors
Neutrinos from accelerators
Neutrinos from radioactive sources
Other astrophysical neutrinos
Expansion, age of the Universe, cosmological constant
Cosmic microwave background (I)
Cosmic microwave background (II)